2017, Volume 14, Issue 3

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Boris Yu. Norman
Belarusian State University
Minsk, Belarus
Ural Federal University
Ekaterinburg, Russia

Anna M. Plotnikova
Ural Federal University
Ekaterinburg, Russia

Eponymous Adjectives in the Russian Language: Corpus-Based Approach to Studying One Word-Formation Type

Voprosy onomastiki, 2017, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp. 84–96 (in Russian)
DOI: 10.15826/vopr_onom.2017.14.3.024

Received 7 May 2017

Abstract: The article discusses morphological, semantic and pragmatic characteristics of Russian adjectives derived from surnames (pushkinsky, chekhovsky, leninsky, and others). The authors analyze types of suffixal morphs used to form adjectives from Russian and foreign surnames; characterize intralingual obstacles to adjectives formation and explain extralingual factors affecting the usage of surname derivatives. Popularity of a politician or a public fi gure, such as an actor or sportsman, directly provides for a wider circulation not only of their surnames, but also of their surname derivatives. The corpus-based approach to studying adjectives derived from surnames of political leaders and writers reveals specific sets of linguistic units called semantic clusters. These clusters are based on categorial meanings of adjectives, and provided that the collocating nouns belong to the same ideographic class. Adjectives derived from surnames do not belong to one specific grammar sub-class; on the contrary, they combine characteristics of qualitative, relative, and possessive adjectives. Precedent names determine connotations of such adjectives, although the semantic structure of a derivative does not necessarily copy that of the source word. Eponymous words are a convenient means for accommodating complex information whereas understanding their meaning requires certain background knowledge and builds on the principles of compositional semantics.

Keywords: Russian language, adjectives, anthroponym, surname, adjectives derived from surnames, semantics, pragmatics, word-formation type


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